Among the individual variables, it cannot be denied that the learning style is of the most essential because it determines how each one learns, which affects someway to the other factors. This study, therefore, aims to detect the predominant learning style among the students and find a teaching methodology that best suits their preferences and that allows them to develop their skills to the maximum.
Although it is ideal that the students possess in the same proportion all learning styles, the truth is that always one or two styles dominate in most of them. That's why, it is important to know the learning styles of the students to adjust the programming of studies to their preferences and their interests so that they can develop, maximise their potential and their abilities. This requirement is unavoidable in the new teaching-learning trend in which the student is in the centre of their learning. Different studies have proven that students learn better when they are taught according to their predominant learning styles. Also, it is recommended that students are aware of what their learning styles are so that they can continue to develop them, as it would benefit them in learning anything all through their lives. The process to acquire this information can be summarized as follows:
Diagnosis of learning styles
Adequate improvement strategy
Learning to learn
Theories and concepts of learning styles
When talking about learning styles, you can understand that they imply preferences by some method when one learns something. However, there is still a lack of consensus among academics about what they are comprised of. The point that does share most of the definitions is that in the learning style "it's about how it processes the information or how the perceptions of each influence it. Being directly related to processing of information from the mind, some researchers also call them cognitive styles, what makes them hereditary factors, before learning experiences. However, numerous scholars confirm that the styles of learning are determined not only by cognitive traits but also effective and physiological traits.
According to the California Journal of Science, a learning style consists of a series of personal characteristics with which you are born and which you develop as you grow. It determines, among other things, through which activities and senses tend to absorb information more easily; either through sight, hearing, touch, speech, note-taking or a combination of these.
Next, we present a summary of four of the best-known learning styles. It is about representation systems that are based on the senses on which people depend for processing information.
Visual Learning - This tends to be the dominant learning style for most people. It happens when one tends to think about images and relate them to ideas and concepts. As when one resorts to conceptual maps to remember complex ideas, concepts and processes.An example of the media used is television, videos, Internet searches, posters, and advertising, among others.
Auditory Learning - People who tend to remember information better by following and remembering an oral explanation or by listening to the information. This system does not allow abstracting or relating the concepts with the same ease as the visual one, but it is fundamental to the learning of things like music and languages.
Tactile or Kinaesthetic Learning - It is the concept of learning related to our senses and actions. In other words, according to this style, we learn more easily when we move and touch things, such as when we walk when getting some information or carrying out an experiment using laboratory instruments. This system is slower than the other two but tends to generate deeper learning which is not easy to forget and includes things such as learning to ride a bicycle.
Read/Write Learning – The students who are good at this style tend to grow using the traditional methods of study. Unlike tactile or kinesthetic learners, they tend to sit at a place and read a good amount of text and also get good ideas about the content. They are the people who can read a novel overnight. Their note-taking capabilities are very good that is why they tend to do better at the lectures. That is why it is one of the best tools in their inventory and helps them to do well in the classes.
In the end, it can be said that nobody is completely given to a single system of learning since we all develop complex learning forms that result from the amalgamation of many aspects.Hence, for example, there are those who need to study in silence and those who can do it by listening to music. The point is that it is important to take into account, at least, that people learn in different ways, to make education a more enriching practice for everyone whether in the class or out of it.